Top 10 Dog Viruses 2020
The most common pet you can find at anyone’s place is dogs. The dog is the man’s best friend from ancient times. Dogs provide us with many benefits. For example, these magnificent creatures give us emotional support, unconditional love, and reduce stress. But the man’s best friend also catches diseases just like us. The dogs catch different types of diseases because of fungi, bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Here, you can get an idea about ten viruses that cause diseases in dogs.
1. Rabies Virus
Rabies virus is one of the fatal viruses that infect the dog. This virus also infects all the mammals, including the man. The rabies virus enters the dog’s body through bites from wild animals like foxes, raccoons, and bats that carry the disease. Generally, the blood and saliva of an infected animal contain the virus. Furthermore, this virus causes inflammation of the brain and affects the nervous system of the dog.
Once the rabies virus entered into the dog’s body, the dog shows various symptoms. Some of them are fever, seizures, paralysis, inability to swallow, change in the tone of bark, and excessive salivation. If your dog is showing these symptoms, you should immediately call the veterinarian. You can prevent the rabies virus from infecting your dog by vaccinating the dog regularly.
2. Parvo Virus
Parvovirus is a highly contagious virus. Direct or indirect contact with the feces of an infected dog transmits the virus from one dog to another. Apart from the dogs, Parvovirus can infect other mammals like cats, wolves, and foxes. Especially, this virus attacks the gastrointestinal tract of dogs, causing diarrhea, loss of appetite, and loss of weight. Moreover, it also weakens the immune system of the dog.
The main signs of Parvo viral infection are lethargy, bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. This virus is very much fatal for the puppies. Therefore, you must keep your puppies vaccinated to prevent the infection. Moreover, if you can identify the symptoms in your dog, you must immediately do the Parvovirus test. Early diagnosis of the infection and proper treatments increase the survival rate.
3. Canine Corona Virus
Canine coronavirus causes a highly contagious intestinal disease in dogs. Similar to the Parvovirus, feces of the infected dogs spread the canine coronavirus. This virus also attacks the gastrointestinal tract. However, this viral infection is not so fatal.
The infected dogs show diarrhea, vomiting, and anorexia. Veterinarians diagnose the disease by testing the feces of the dog for the virus. Generally, treatment usually only requires medication for diarrhea and preventing dehydration. You can keep your dog safe from this virus by vaccinating.
4. Canine Distemper Virus
Canine distemper virus affects a wide variety of animals, including the dog. Mainly, wild and domestic cats, wolves, coyotes, and foxes catch the virus. The mode of transmission of this virus is by direct contact with the infected dogs. Furthermore, the distemper virus affects several body systems in dogs. Especially, it affects the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts, the spinal cord, and brain.
The common symptoms are high fever, eye inflammation, and eye/nose discharge labored breathing and coughing. Moreover, infected dogs also show vomiting and diarrhea, loss of appetite and lethargy, and hardening of nose and footpads. You can do the tests for distemper virus if you suspect the dog has caught the virus. Several vaccines against canine distemper virus are available for dogs.
5. Canine Influenza Virus
Canine influenza virus or dog flu virus is another contagious virus that causes diseases to the dogs. This virus takes different forms. The spread of the influenza virus is mainly by infectious aerosols resulting from coughing. The influenza virus affects the respiratory system of dogs.
Once a dog catches this virus, you can observe coughing, a greenish nasal discharge, and fever in the dog. If your dog is showing the above symptoms, you must seek the veterinarian’s advice immediately. Particularly, puppies tend to catch the influenza virus easily than grown dogs. However, this virus is not so fatal. Further, there are many vaccines available to protect your loved dogs from this virus.
6.Canine Mastdeno Virus
Mastadeno virus causes infectious canine hepatitis in dogs. Apart from dogs, this virus also affects animals like wolves, bears, and coyotes. The infected dogs can transmit this virus to another dog by feces, urine, blood, saliva, and nasal discharge. Canine Mastadeno virus infects the liver and kidneys of the dog.
Major symptoms of this viral infection are fever, depression, loss of appetite, coughing, and a tender abdomen. Moreover, the dog will show vomiting and bleeding disorders if the viral infection is severe. However, most dogs recover from this virus after a brief illness.
7.Carnivore Bocaparvo Virus
Carnivore Bocaparvo virus is another contagious virus that infects the dogs. A different form of this virus also affects the man. Initially, German military dogs got the infection during the 1960s. The virus infects the dogs and puppies orally, whereas it spreads from an infected mother to its offspring. Carnivore Bocaparvo virus attacks the respiratory system of the dogs.
The infected dogs show severe diarrhea, difficulty breathing, and anorexia. This infection is fatal only in severe cases. If a mother dog gets infected, it may result in an abortion or give birth to unhealthy puppies. So it is better to seek veterinarian’s advice if you suspect that this virus is in your dog.
8.Canine Herpes Virus
The herpes virus causes a fatal hemorrhagic disease in puppies less than two to three weeks old. In the 1960s, puppies caught this virus for the first time. Mainly, the virus goes to the puppy from its mother. Apart from that, contact with oral and nasal secretions from an infected dog causes the spread of the virus. Further, this virus affects the kidneys, liver, and lungs of dogs.
The infected puppies show symptoms like crying, weakening, and depression. In addition to that, you can observe discharge from the nose and soft yellowish feces in infected dogs. Especially, this viral infection is fatal to the puppies. Therefore if you have a puppy, you should be more careful.
Orbivirus causes African Horse Sickness that affects horses and mules. Apart from those animals, the dogs also get infected by this virus. Usually, the dogs get the virus by consuming infected horsemeat. Moreover, small parasites may carry and spread the virus. This virus affects many organs in the dog’s body.
You can observe white foam around nostrils, coughing, and diarrhea in infected dogs. This viral infection is also very fatal to the dogs. However, the dogs recover with the proper treatments.
The virus is responsible for tick-borne encephalitis in dogs. Usually, the ticks carry this virus and infect the dogs. Initially, sheepdogs and hunting dogs became victims of this virus. Flavi virus affects the nervous system of the dog.
An infected dog may show changes in behavior, anorexia, and excitement. Apart from that, dogs may show paralysis and coma in severe cases. When encephalitis develops, it can be fatal. The infected dogs will recover by early diagnosis.